Authors: Matthew Welz; Matthew Welz, MS; Devi Patra; ryan Hess, BSE; Brian Kalen, BSE; Karl Abi-Aad, MD; Evelyn Turcotte, BS; Jamal McClendon Jr., MD; chandan Krishna, MD; Bernard Bendok (Phoenix, AZ)

Introduction: Current methods to educate patients on findings from neurosurgical imaging are very limited and cumbersome. The two-dimensional nature of medical imaging is one important barrier to seamless patient education. Three-dimensional representation of pathological findings may contribute greatly to patient understanding of their pathology and the potential three- dimensional procedural solutions. Utilizing a 3D printer and an augmented reality player in conjunction with segmenting software we are conducting a study to measure the impact of physical and holographic 3D imaging illustrations on patient education and satisfaction with their care. Methods: Potential neurosurgical patients are identified during initial consultations for holographic and 3D-assisted patient education. Utilizing segmentation software, patient-specific magnetic resonance and computed tomography images are rendered and constructed into a 3D holographic image and 3D printed object. The 3D visualization session occurs during the following visit where 2D images are viewed before a survey captures the current knowledge they have about their own disease. 3D print-assisted patient education is then given to further educate the patient, and a follow-up survey captures their incremental learning and their opinion on which modality gave them the best insights. Results: The ongoing study has gathered data from 4 of the 10 patients planned to participate. Currently, all initial surveys have shown limited patient knowledge about their disease after 2D visualization alone. However, after the 3D-assisted education sessions, surveys show that patients report greater levels of knowledge and prefer more tangible life-like models. Conclusion: In contrast to conventional 2D images, patient specific holographic 3D images and/or 3D physical models allow superior patient understanding of their own anatomy and disease process. Such education improves their confidence in the treatment methods, which aids in achieving patient specific individualized care.